Today is Tuesday, Aug. 20, the 232nd day of 2019. There are 133 days left in the year.


On this date in:

1862: The New York Tribune publishes an open letter by editor Horace Greeley calling on President Abraham Lincoln to take more aggressive measures to free the slaves and end the South’s rebellion.

1866: President Andrew Johnson formally declares the Civil War over, months after fighting had stopped.

1910: A series of forest fires sweeps through parts of Idaho, Montana and Washington, killing at least 85 people and burning some 3 million acres.

1953: The Soviet Union publicly acknowledges it has tested a hydrogen bomb.

1964: President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Economic Opportunity Act, a nearly $1 billion anti-poverty measure.

1968: The Soviet Union and other Warsaw Pact nations begin invading Czechoslovakia to crush the “Prague Spring” liberalization drive.

1986: Postal employee Patrick Henry Sherrill goes on a deadly rampage at a post office in Edmond, Okla., shooting 14 fellow workers to death before killing himself.

1988: A cease-fire in the war between Iraq and Iran goes into effect.

2014: The United States launches a new barrage of airstrikes against Islamic State extremists and weighs sending more troops to Iraq.

2017: Actor, comic and longtime telethon host Jerry Lewis dies of heart disease in Las Vegas at the age of 91.


1994: Frank Wick of Boardman catches a 62-pound snapping turtle in a swamp near Lisbon. Wick loves turtle soup, but he arranged this catch to live out its life at Sea World.

Thirty Community Mutual Insurance Co. employees at the company’s Market Street office will be laid off. The office has 225 employees.

Trumbull County Common Pleas Judge Mitchell Shaker is recuperating after heart surgery at the Cleveland Clinic and hopes to be back on the bench in four or five weeks.

1979: A 5-year-old Warren boy is struck and killed by a motorcycle driven by a 12-year-old youth in Kennedy Road, Poland Township. Pronounced dead of a head injury at South Side Hospital was Chris VanHorn of Palmyra Road, Warren.

Fire destroys Bart’s Auto Body on Countyline Road, backing up traffic leaving the Lawrence County Fair for several miles.

Ohio Gov. James A. Rhodes escorts Chairman Chen Pixian of Hubei Province in the Peoples Republic of China around the 360-acre Ohio State Fair. A Chinese trade delegation is spending nine days touring Ohio business and industry.

1969: Ohio Gov. James A. Rhodes, a Republican, hints that he will run for the U.S. Senate.

Struthers schools still need two elementary teachers and two high-school teachers, but the Board of Education refuses to hire a teacher from North Apollo, Pa., who was recommended by Superintendent Lee Ellsworth becasue board members said local residents should be given preference.

Broken windows at the Harrison School in Youngstown will be replaced with wood because it has been impossible to control vandalism.

1944: The Rev. Russell J. Humbert, pastor of Epworth Methodist Church in Toledo, is called to the pastorate of Trinity United Methodist Church in Youngstown.

Two Girard men, T/4 William H. Miles, 30, and Pfc. Robert E. Davidson, 22, are reported killed in action; Miller in Burma and Davidson in New Guinea.

Dr. William H. Bunn, Youngstown heart specialist, is author of an article on subacute bacterial endocarditis appearing in The American.